This research is being commissioned by the Committee on Climate Change (the CCC), which was set up as part of the 2008 UK Climate Change Act. It is an independent body tasked with providing advice to government and Parliament on climate change issues, particularly the setting of carbon budgets for the UK and monitoring of progress towards meeting them.
The aim of this research project is to assess the contributions of individual factors driving changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions between 2008 and 2017. In particular, the assessment aims to understand the reasons for emissions being lower than expected at the time of setting the budgets, and below budget levels. This research will inform the CCC’s assessment in its 2019 annual report to Parliament of the UK’s performance in reducing emissions over the second carbon budget period.